Ad-abbreviation for advertisement
Advance (advance story)-news of an event to occur in
All caps-a word or word written in all capital letters
AP-abbreviations for Associated Press, a news-gathering
Art - Photos, maps, charts, graphs, illustrations. Art
dresses up the paper and makes it visually appealing. Each story
should be examined for art possibilities.
Assignment - A story a reporter has been given to research
and write. A reporter is often "on assignment."
to write the name of source of your information when using a quote,
of book, or a part of any copyrighted work.
Banner-type of headline stretching full width, usually at the
top of a page; also called a streamer
Beat-news source that a reporter is assigned to cover
Box-material enclosed, either completely or partially, by a
communicating near and far using radio and television
Budget - A list of stories planned for the next edition.
Each budget item includes the reporter's name, what kind of art is
available for the story and the approximate length in inches. School
papers might want to add deadline information.
Byline-the name and identification of a story's author
Caption-the heading placed above a photograph; sometimes used
to refer to the descriptive copy below a photo
Center of visual interest (CVI)-the dominate item on a
page - usually a photo, graphic or headline
Circulation - The number of papers sold. Dailies usually
list two circulation numbers: daily (Monday through Saturday) and
Sunday. Sunday circulation is often higher than daily circulation.
Some daily papers have a circulation of several million. Some weekly
papers have a circulation of a few hundred.
City desk - This department of a newspaper consists of
local reporters and their editors. They work in the city room or the
newsroom. Sports, business and features reporters do not work for
the city desk, but have their own departments.
City editor - This editor runs the city desk. Reporters
work for the city editor and the city editor's assistants. The city
editor and assistant city editors keep track of the stories
reporters are working on and are often the first to read those
Classified advertising-ads run in small type in a separate
section, which is often classed into different categories, such as
"Help wanted" or "Lost and found"
Closed question - This type of question doesn't help a interviewee to
open up! Closed questions usually prompt a person to answer with
simple "yes" or "no". But keep in mind that they
can be the right questions to ask at certain points in an interview.
They help you pin down important information and get a definite
Column (1)-a type of feature that is regularly run in
a paper, featuring a single writer
Column (2)-the vertical sections of type, which may
have varying widths to story on a page
Column width-the actual measurement in picas or inches; also
measured in character count as a way to determine the character
count of the entire story
Copy-a story or article written for a newspaper; also used to
describe a page or block to text
Copyreading-checking copy for errors before it is entered
into computer or receives its final rewrite
Copy editor - Someone who edits copy, checking for
spelling, grammar, typographical and factual errors.
Crop-to eliminate unwanted portions of a photo to emphasize
its center of interest
Cut-term for a newspaper photo or art, taken from engraving
Cutoff test-reporter's check that final-paragraphs are not
essential to story
Cutline-the descriptive copy below a photo
Dateline-line at beginning of news story giving point of
origin, if not local, and date, if significant
Deadline-time at which job must be handed in or completed to
make issue date of publication
Deck-each part of a headline in a single font, whether one or
more lines (once used to define a single line of a headline)
Direct quote-the reproduction of a speaker's exact words, set
within quotation marks and correctly attributed
Downstyle-the use of a minimum number of capital letters in
headlines and body copy, where good usage permits an option
Most journalists will write a draft of an article before submitting
it. After completing this draft, they will edit their own work for
content and mistakes before submitting it to the editor.
Dummy - A diagram or layout of how a page will appear,
showing the position of stories, headlines and art elements, such as
photos, maps and charts. Copy editors "dummy" pages on
"page dummies" -- blank page diagrams with only the column
rules marked. Dummies can also show where ads are located.
the process of reviewing a news story, revising the writing and
checking it for mistakes before it is published or broadcast.
Edition - The papers printed in one press run or one
printing of the paper. A paper may have a state edition and a city
edition. Big city dailies may have a half dozen editions. The
"bulldog edition" is the very earliest edition and is
distributed farthest from the city.
Editor - a
person who edits material for publication or broadcast.
Editorial-an article that represents the paper's opinion
Editorial column-an article representing the opinion of a
Editorializing-inserting the writer's opinion into a news
story, which should be written objectively
Euphemism-a milder word used instead of another word,
possibly offensive - not an acceptable way to soften a quote from a
Feature story-an article of special interest with a quality
other than its timeliness as main attractio
Filler - A short item that is used to take up space when a
story doesn't fill a column or page
5 W's and an H-the Who, What, When, Where, Why and How - the
key questions answered by a summary lead
The name of the paper atop the front page. It’s the flag because
it flies above the rest of the page.
Folio line-the heading of inside pages, indicating section,
school name, issue date and page number
Follow-up-a news story written after an event has occurred
Front page - The first page of
the paper where the most interesting and most newsworthy stories are placed.
General assignment reporter - A reporter who does not have a beat, or
specialty. A GA reporter might cover a fire in the afternoon and a speech in the
- the study of classes and functions
of words, how words are said, and how words relate in a sentence.
Graph-short for a paragraph (sometimes spelled graf)
-- A chart, graph, map or similar device used to help tell a story
Hammerhead-a large headline of only one or two words,
followed by a longer and smaller head underneath - the reverse of a
Headline-lines of display type printed above a newspaper
story, calling attention to relative importance and attracting
readers to the story's content
Headline schedule-list of styles and sizes, often with
counts, for use in a newspaper
In-depth report-a story that goes beyond the surface to
discover the news behind the news; also called an investigative
Indirect quote-using a version of a speaker's words without
quotation marks. Example: He said that he expected to reject the
Infograph-a chart, diagram or graph presenting statistical
information, such as survey results and enrollment figures, in
Inverted pyramid-a method of writing a story using a
summary lead and facts in diminishing order of importance
Journalist - a person who writes, edits, or reports for a
newspaper, magazine or news broadcast.
Journalism - the business or practice of
writing and producing news media.
- The part of the story that continues on another page. The introduction to the
jump on the first page is called the “jump line.
phrase above main head
Label head-a headline without a verb; to be avoided
Lead (leed, lede)-the first paragraph of a story (see also,
under Desktop publishing)
Leading questions - These questions try to lead an interviewee in a
Libel-untrue statement or material that damages a person's
Loaded words -
words that leave people with a distinct and often negative
That can prompt your source to get defensive or to disagree with
your question – and that won't help you get an answer to your
arrangement of stories and art on the page. Copy editors do page
makeup on dummy sheets or page dummies. In other words, they draw
sketches of what the finished page will look like. See the dummy
Masthead-list of the
paper's vital statistics, including school name and address, staff
members and other pertinent data,
such as editorial policy; usually found on editorial pages
Neutral questions - A neutral question is straight-forward. It doesn't
have your opinion in it. You aren't assuming you know the answer
already. Your question is clear and gets right to the point. In
return, you will probably get an informative answer.
Nutgraph-paragraph giving the key details of a news story -
the 5 W's and H - when a variation on the summary lead in used
Objectivity-an attempt to write a story without showing bias
or injecting the writer's opinion
Off the record - this is what people say when they want
the information they tell you to be unmentioned. This means that
they don't want their names or quotes to be said to anyone or
printed in your story.
On the record -
the opposite of "off the record". This means that you are allowed to
use the person's name and quotes for your story.
Online journalism - stories that are written specifically for
the Web instead of newspaper, radio, television or magazine. It can include the
use of text, photos, graphics, hypertext, audio and video to tell stories.
Open-ended questions -
these questions encourage the person to talk and share their thoughts and
feelings on a subject. It allows them to tell their own story without much
prompting from the reporter.
Pack journalism - this refers to large groups of reporters from
different newspapers or broadcasting stations who are all after the same big
story. You usually find mobs of journalists outside courthouses, city halls, or
at the scene of an accident or disaster, to get comments from the important
sources. Compare this to a pack of hungry wolves: they're all hunting one thing,
the story, but they're all so hungry that they want to move in to get the
biggest piece for themselves.
Photo release-a permission form used by photographers for
persons in photos not taken at news events, granting the right to
print the photo
Photographs "Grip and Grin" - These are photos of people receiving awards or
diplomas, cutting ribbons or passing out cheques. They just do the ‘handshake'
pose and smile at the camera.
Plagiarism-unauthorized copying of another's work.
Reproducing copyrighted material without permission - whether words
or art - is a crime
Profile-feature story about a person; personality piece
Reading every letter of every word in the paper to make sure everything is
- to produce or release a written work for the public to see or hear.
(1) - The chief executive of the newspaper. The publisher may be the owner
or work for the owner or owners.
The company that prints an organizations newspaper.
Pull quote-quote from a
story or news source that is "pulled out" and set
as a graph in a distinctive format and type to attract readers to a story and add visual
- Pronounced “reefers,” they appear on Page 1 and tell the
readers about stories inside the paper.
Retraction-a printed correction of an earlier error in the
Review - An account of an artistic event or literary work
that offers a critical evaluation and is the opinion of the writer.
The gathering of reporters around a person who is important to a
When a scrum occurs, all the reporters shout questions to the person
in an attempt to further their own story. This situation is much
more informal then a Press Conference.
- A short story related to the main story and run adjacent to it.
A sidebar develops one angle of the main story.
Slug-one or two words that specifically identify a story,
typed in the upper left-hand corner of work to be edited or
processed; also includes reporter's last name, plus date/time from
person, written article, book, song, video or film from which to get
Stet-a term meaning "let it stand" - or disregard a
change that was previously marked or indicated
Style-rules regarding punctuation, capitalization,
Style book, style manual-compilation of style rules for a
Summary lead-a first paragraph that contains the essential 5
W's and H of a news story
the way that words are put together to make sentences.
Teaser-a front-page box or boxes announcing a paper's inside
contents, sometimes called a menu
Text Wrap or Word Wrap- In word
processing (and other text-editing programs), a
feature that automatically relocates a word to the next line when it
will not fit on the current line
- The biggest headline on the front page, sometimes called the
Trademark-the legal, registered name of a product or
business. Be sure to use capital letters when using such trademarked
names as Kleenex and Coke, which are sometimes used generically
- Short for “typographical error.” Typos can be embarrassing.
- A source of information for Journalists. You may have heard a
reporter say that they got their information "off the
wire". The wire itself is an up-to-the-minute source of
information for other reporters.
Wrap-up questions - help you make sure you have all the information you
need. You can ask your source questions like this to end the interview and
clarify information he has given you during the course of your conversation.